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e could begin this exercise by discussing the birth of planet Earth and how it evolved from the Hadean Eon when Earth's formation began about 4.6 billion years ago. And, we could follow life through the Archean Period (formerly called the Archaeozoic Period) to the Proterozoic Era through the Neoproterozoic Era and into terms you are more familiar with. Words like the PreCambrian and Cambrian Period (the first geological period of the Paleozoic Era) when most people who failed Earth Science think life forms began to appear. This, if you paid attention in school, is when archeology began to record fossils of more complicated soft-bodied organisms. Life began to appear in what is termed the "Cambrian Explosion." But since you probably didn't pay too much attention in class when this was covered in middle or high school, I would likely lose half of you before you got two paragraphs into what will ultimately prove to be the most lifesaving article you have ever read. Thus, I don't want to lose you. So let's cut right to the chase.

Oh, by the way, you might think, as you begin to read this article, that its only an article about answering the question: what killed off the dinosaurs? It's not. The dinosaurs have been gone for some 65 million years. I didn't lose any sleep last week wondering what happened to them, and its not likely that either you or I will lose any sleep about the answer to that question next week. As you read, you will realize there is a more important question begging an answer. If this article answers any part of that question, it may put medical science on the path to answering the biggest medical mystery facing mankind. While I have been convinced for the last decade or so that the question I pondered could be the cure for cancer, I'm not a scientist nor am I a doctor. I'm just a guy with far more curiosity than intellectual acquirement. But sometimes it just takes someone asking the right question for someone with the intellectual ingenuity to run the question through the medical gauntlet and find the answer. Sometimes the answers we seek are just around the corner. Sometimes, finding those answers takes a journey of 2,500 million years.

And, sometimes history feeds us clues from our past that will help us survive in the future if we recognize those clues as clues. Usually we don't. If we did we would all live longer and healthier lives because nature, not chemicals, usually provides most of the answers to fighting the diseases that plague the fragile ecosystem known as man.

So, let's look at some of those prehistoric clues. The first one happened around 2,500 million years ago when water began to condense into liquid form, forming the Panthalassic Ocean which surrounded the single land mass of Gondwandaland. This is where life began—single-cell organic matter. The second event happened 2,400 million years ago. Before going any farther, it's important to understand that organic life required an oxygen-free atmosphere to form.

The atmosphere on primeval Earth was 75% nitrogen and 15% carbon dioxide [CO2]with a smaller amounts of methane and water vapor, and other trace elements. While oxygen existed in the Panthalassic Ocean, there was no free oxygen in the atmosphere. Organic life required an oxygen-free atmosphere to form. Once organic life was formed, it required free oxygen to survive. This happened around 2,300 million years ago with the building of a terrestrial atmosphere of Earth. Prebiotic single and multi-celled organisms were synthesized from nitrogen proteins and nucleic acids and thrived in an oxygen-free atmosphere, or an atmosphere with only trace amounts of oxygen.

Among those prebiotic organisms were cyanobacteria. Cyanobacteria are photosynthetic prokaryotes, also known as blue-green algae. They became the miracle of life. Exposed to sunlight (but not the sun's harmful UV rays), cyanobacteria converted CO2 into food. The waste product excreted? Oxygen. Although the Earth was still hundreds of millions of years from having sufficient levels of oxygen to support life forms we are familiar with, the process of life-building had begun.

Oxygen was, and still is, the miracle of life. It was the catalyst in the evolution of complex organisms. As oxygenation on Earth occurred, more complex life forms appeared in a direct parallel to the availability of oxygen. Professor Blair Hedges of Pennsylvania State University led a research team that used molecular dating techniques to measure eukaryotic evolution. In an article published in BMC Evolutionary Biology, he said: "To build a complex multicellular organism with all the communication and signaling between cells it entails, you need energy. With no oxygen or mitochondria, complex organisms couldn't get enough of this energy to develop...The results [of the study] support a deep history for complex multicellular eukaryotes, and implicate oxygen as a possible trigger for the rise of complex life...This type of information," Hedges concluded, "is very difficult to obtain from the fossil record of early life. However, the genomes of organisms are packed with millions of bits of data that biologists are now beginning to decipher, and some of those data can be used to tell time."

Hedges study confirmed that organisms containing two or more different cell types appeared soon after the surface environment started to become oxygenated around 2,300 million years ago. Chloroplasts found in plants evolved around 1,500 million years ago. Over the next 500 million years, organisms that contained up to 50 different cell types evolved. As the Mesoproterozoic Era evolved from the Statherian Period between 1,800 to 1,600 million years ago, far more complex photosynthetic plant organisms began to proliferate. But it would be another billion years before recognizable lifeforms populated the Earth.

During the Neoproterozoic Era the duration of the Earth "day" increased from about 15 hours to 18 hours. Around 900,000 years ago the world settled into the Stuartian-Varangian Ice Age (the world's first ice age). 114waterOver the next 250,000 years, 70% of all plantlife on the planet died during global glaciation, creating what scientists refer to as "Snowball Earth." Had a house-sized meteor not struck Acraman, South Australia somewhere between 650 to 535 million years ago and reversed the magnetic field, Earth might have well have become known to "extraterrestrials" as the "White Planet." The Stuart-Varangian Ice Age ended about 570 million years ago (dating the Acraman meteor strike in the minds of many scientists. The glaciers retreated to what are now the North and South polar regions of Earth. Oxygen levels on Earth were about 16%.

All of the giant reptiles from the Palaeozoia and Mesozoic Eras lived in atmospheres with oxygen levels greater than the 21% oxygen levels we breathe today. Throughout the Devonian Period, CO2 levels continued to drop and oxygen levels rose as the fauna crept from the sea to land. As plantlife spread across the land, oxygen levels continued to grow throughout the Carboniferous Period. This gave gave rise to giant prehistoric trees and giant fauna of all types. Oxygen levels reached 30% as giant reptiles walked the Earth. Conifers and cycads appeared on an Earth that was now cold and dry as the affects of the world's third catastrophic ice age impacted much of the globe. Even with the massive Siberian volcanic eruptions at the end of the Devonian Period that wiped out over 90% of land and sea life in the primeval world, oxygen levels at the end of the Cretaceous Period were comparatively high—40% to 45%. Oxygen levels that high on Earth today would be catastrophic. In fact, they would have been as catastrophic as they were on Earth at the end of the Cretaceous Period around 65 million years ago.

During the early to mid-Cretaceous Period, carbon dioxide levels reached 550 to 590 ppm, fostering the growth of angiosperms (flowering plants). Since carbon dioxide is the food plants eat to produce oxygen, during the mid-Cretaceous oxygen levels on Earth grew to 30%. "Large" became the rule of the day. Large ferns, large flowering plants, large trees, large insects and, of course, large reptiles. But what is good for lifeforms in moderate levels can quickly became toxic in extreme levels. And 40% to 45% free oxygen in Earth's primeval atmosphere, proved to be an extreme level. The current oxygen level on Earth is 21%. Scientists estimate that at the end of the Cretaceous Period when the dinosaurs abruptly became extinct oxygen levels were with the 24 to 60 Pa range. In fact, oxygen levels became so high they actually stymied whole plant respiration-photosynthesis, reducing plant growth and weakening the eco-fauna system. (This data was was first published by G.D. Farquhar, a biochemist, in 1980, followed by the Royal Society of London (Series B346, 421-432) in 1984, and again by the Journal of Experimental Botany in 1999.)

Ask a majority of high school and college instructors what killed off the dinosaurs, and they will suggest it was a meteor strike that hit what is now Chicxulub, on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. Most will say the city-sized meteor slammed into that land area around 65 million years ago leaving an impact crater 110 to 170 miles wide, spewing millions of tons of ash into the atmosphere, blinding the sun and creating the physiological equivalent to nuclear winter. Compounding this, in the view of many teachers, research scientists and botanists, was a second meteor strike in Boltysh, Ukraine within the same time frame, creating what scientists believed was the double-barreled smoking gun. The Boltysh meteor crater was discovered in 2002 and confirmed, in the minds of many scientists that it was the "double whammy" that killed off the dinosaurs. And while scientists and those teaching our children insist that the riddle is solved and that meteor strikes wiped out the dinosaurs, in point of fact, scientists have pretty much proved that neither the Chicxulub nor Boltysh meteors annihilated the dinosaurs.

First, the two meteor strikes were thousands of years apart, with the Boltysh meteor hit coming upwards of two hundred thousand to a half million years after the Chicxulub strike—which actually happened about 300,000 years before the extinction of the dinosaurs and the Boltysh strike occurred after the extinction. Princeton University Professor of Geosciences Gerta Keller led a National Academy of Sciences expedition to the Chicxulub site and took copious core samples. The drilling, she noted in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, "...was done with the express purpose to solve the ongoing controversy of what killed the dinosaurs and prove once and for all that this is the impact that caused the mass extinction." However, instead of proving the thirty year old hypothesis, Keller actually disproved it.

The killer asteroid theory was first advanced by a father and son scientific team, Luis and Walter Alvarez who hypothesized that an asteroid or meteorite struck the Earth and wiped out the dinosaurs. They based their theory on finding a geological layer in rock formations around the world that exhibited a thin layer of clay rich in iridium. Rare on the Earth's surface, the element is commonly found in asteroids or deep inside the Earth's core. Iridium is found at every impact crater site in the world. Scientists examining the Yucatan site aged the strike to somewhere between 65 to 1.8 million years ago. Meteorite advocates "dated" the hit at 65 million years. Keller's research proves the meteor hit some 300,000 years before the the mass extinction. And the Boltysh hit happened some 200,000 to 500,000 years after the mass extinction. While all early meteorite or asteroid strikes impacted whatever lifeforms existed on Earth at the time of the strike, scientific investigation supports the view that the lifeforms impacted were not land-based but ocean-based lifeforms. Archeological history reveals several periods during the development of the land ecosystems that lifeforms in the primeval seas became 70% to 95% extinct while the developing fauna on land was not affected.

Scientists have confirmed those sea-based mass extinctions were caused either by ash fallout from meteorite impacts or, more likely, ash from massive volcanic eruptions along the Deccan Traps near Matheran, east of Mumbai in what is now west-Central India which were formed at the end of the Cretaceous Period, around 60 to 68 million years ago and from the Siberian Traps that led to the Permian Age mass extinction 250 million years ago. The Siberian lava flow lasted about a million years and covered an area about the size of the United States with a thousand foot deep layer of lava. The Siberian volcanos and the ocean-bed volcanos that built most of the Pacific island chains rose during those periods of volcanic activity. Most of the Pacific islands memorialized by movie makers in tales of World War II islands and atolls were formed during the period of when the volcanos in Siberian Trap poured billions of tons of lava across much of Europe and western Asia, shooting hundreds of billions of tons of ash and millions of tons of sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere. In every thorough investigation of these catastrophic volcanic events or meteorite strikes on Earth, the scientists conducting those studies were forced to conclude that although upwards of 95% of the lifeforms in the primeval seas became extinct, none of those events triggered the mass extinction of the dinosaurs. Nevertheless, on Aug. 27, 2010 Northeastern Ecosystem Research Cooperative Senior Lecturer, Advanced Fellow in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of London and BBC science reporter Dr. Howard Falcon-Lang wrote an article extolling the "fact" that a double space strike caused the extinction of the dinosaur. He began his erroneous report by saying "...[t]he dinosaurs were wiped out 65 million years ago by at least two space impacts, a new study suggests." Too bad Falcon-Lang didn't spend about 15 minutes on Google searching for the truth before writing, as fact, the suppositions of others.

So, what killed the dinosaurs? It appears it was a second, but this time, catastrophic oxygen "event." The first oxygen event, you recall, brought free oxygen levels to around 16%, and life flourished. Oxygen levels rose during the early- to mid-Cretaceous Period to 30%, creating the Age of the Dinosaur. More is apparently better—up to a point. More, sometimes, can be toxic. While it is literally impossible to prove that what killed the dinosaurs is plain old oxygen, the reality is, that's the culprit. The big beasts thrived in a planet whose atmosphere was 30% oxygen. But oxygen levels of 40% to 45% to 60% proved to be the catalyst that killed off the dinosaur, and the volcanic eruptions that formed the Siberian Trap, and raised the islands along the Pacific rim (which appears to have brought the levels of pure oxygen in the atmosphere down to a livable level).

You may be asking yourself, right about now why, when hospitals use oxygen levels up to 92% on patients with COPD and to save the lives of patients suffering from major traumas, why almost pure oxygen is good for a medical patient and not good for a dinosaur? Good question.

When atmospheric oxygen reaches and maintains consistent high levels, dioxygen (O2, molecular oxygen) becomes toxic to many organic cells. Obligate aerobes {microorganisms that live and grow in free oxygen) die in too rich of an oxygen environment as their cellular components are oxidized. Several strains of aerobes will actually attempt to flee from high levels of dioxygen. Experiments on mice, fish, rabbits and insects prove the toxicity levels of pure oxygen. Premature infants in a pure oxygen environment can become blind from to retrolental fibroplasia. Pure oxygen environments are, simply put, toxic to many forms of cells and organisms. But, what appears bad in one light, may ultimately prove to be the answer to the most frightening disease known to man—cancer!

If you've ever been in a hospital and had trouble breathing, you were probably given "oxygen." The air we breathe is about 21% oxygen. Anything less and we will have breathing problems. The "air" you receive by a medical dispenser during oxygen therapy via a nasal cannula is enriched to 30% to 35%—about the same healthy oxygen levels breathed by the giant reptiles that walked the Earth in the late Cretaceous Period. (No, that doesn't mean you're likely to grow six more inches.)

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD] (most commonly derived from long term, heavy smoking) will require much higher oxygen levels—usually from 88% to 92%. Physicians may use oxygen levels up to 98% to resuscitate a victim, or if they are suffering from anaphylaxis, shock, active convulsions, hypothermia or some other major trauma.

While as yet an unproved alternate therapy, Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and other cancer treatment facilities throughout the world are now exploring the potential impact that oxygen therapy might have in killing cancer tumors. Oxymedicine, as a variety of the bio-oxidative therapies are now known, deal with a variety of oxygenation therapies to achieve oxidation detoxification in order to kill cancer cells or eliminate pathogens from the human body. Those techniques might deal with oxidology, hydrogen peroxide therapy, ozone therapy, hyperoxygenation therapies, or using hyperoxygenated water.

Sloan Kettering, which is in the forefront of this type of research, admonishes people not to ingest hydrogen peroxide, soak in hydrogen peroxide solutions or take hydrogen peroxide enemas since the enemas can cause gas embolisms, colitis-induced sepsis and gangrene, while the intravenous injection of hydrogen peroxide can, and has, led to acute embolytic crisis and death. In addition, they urge people not to use ozone colonic cleansing, or use ozone autohemotherapy since the FDA claims ozone reacts adversely with compounds within the tissue lining for the lungs and triggers a cascade of pathological side effects the least of which is the creation of reactive oxygen species [ROS] (free radicals) which will cause oxidative stress and cell damage. In a worst case scenario, the Sloan Kettering website says there is evidence that ozone autohemotherapy can trigger degenerative diseases. On the other hand, in 1991a Canadian hospital did an ozone autohemotherapy (03-AHT) clinical trial on HIV patients after German doctors successfully treated HIV patients with 03-AHT. The same procedure has been done successfully in Israel, Italy, Japan and Poland.

Many times, pressure from pharmaceutical companies, the American Cancer Society, the American Medical Association, and/or the FDA pressures those conducting tests to stops clinical trials or the FDA, urged to do so by special interest groups, arbitrarily bans procedures. For example, on the Clinical Summary page of the Sloan Kettering website, the Cancer Center noted that "...[n]o scientific evidence supports [the marketing claims of those who promote Oxymedicine]; studies show that oxygen neither prevents nor inhibits cancer growth and tumors...Even if oxygenated products contain the oxygen levels they claim, oxygen is not likely to be absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract..." While that may be so with the external use of hydrogen peroxide, and perhaps even with autohemotherapy, that may not be true with respect to drinking oxygenated water—if the bond angle of the water is high enough. The information contained on the Sloan Kettering website, according to Crystal Clear™ founder, John Ellis, who confirmed that the information in the Sloan Kettering website was absolutely correct. Why? Because normal oxygenated water still has a bond angle of 104°. "You can oxygenate water in a blender," John Ellis said. The patented process John Ellis uses in his distillers at Crystal Clear™ change the bond angle of water from 104° to 114°.

That's the difference. And, its a major difference—and it's why the Washington Post called the "light water" produced by Crystal Clear™ distillers "miracle water" when they published an article by Edward Coty (Washington Post, page A10, Jan. 27, 1992) in which Coty said, "...By the thousands they waited, men, women and children, equipped with plastic jerrycans, patience and the tranquil faith in miracles that has adorned Mexican history since pre-Hispanic times. Their line stretched alongside a dusty road for more than a quarter mile one day last week. On other days it strung out for more than a mile as [even more] thousands of sick and lame line up for the 'light water' in Jesus Chahin's well—the miracle water that is said to cure everything from AIDS and cancer to obesity or high cholesterol count. "'For me, all of these things are God's miracles,' said Maria Guadalupe Aguilar, a Dominican nun who drove 175 miles from Puebla along with a fellow nun and a priest, the Rev. Juan Crespo, who has prostate cancer. Chahin, a wealthy heir whose passion used to be golf, has been making the water available free to the public since May when, he said, he accidentally discovered its healing properties by observing the swift recovery of a farm dog who had lapped some of it. The curative power requires 'movements' of water from one metal tank to another, Chahin said in [the] interview [with the Washington Post. Depite references to religious faith by many in the long wait for his water, Chahin described the process as strictly scientific, but secret. 'The water weighs less than H2O,' he said. 'It's a mystery for science, why it weighs less,' he added, predicting that scientists will study its properties for two or three billion years before understanding them..."

A month after the Washington Post story broke about Jesus Chahin's well (which is fed by Crystal Clear distillers), an average of 10,000 people a day were showing up at the well. They slept on the ground or in their cars or vans, sometimes for as long as two days, waiting to fill their jerrycans at faucets installed by Chahin behnd the hacienda walls. As the number of pilgrims grew, Chahin was forced to limit the amount of water each pilgrim could take to 2 1/2 gallons. While the Washington Post insisted on calling Chahin's water a miracle, Chahin knew it was the distillers and not God that was creating the "miracle," and tried to convince Coty of that fact. But Coty came to Mexico to write about a miracle, and 10 thousand people a day was miracle enough for him. But here's the reality of the miracle well.

The John Ellis distillers process the water several times until the bond angle of the water increases from 104° too 114°. High solubility changes the bond angle enough that the oxygenated water is more than the type of oxygenated water referred to in the Sloan Kettering disclaimer. Because as John Ellis said during our conversation, you can oxygenate water with a blender. And while your stomach may enjoy the brief liquid repast, the water, as Slaon Kettering noted, will have no curative power since for oxygen to have any curative impact on any disease in the body of the person drinking it, the oxygen must enter the blood stream not the digestive system. The Crystal Clear™patented process creates the wider bond angle needed to oxygenate the lungs, thereby creating the ability for the lungs to actually absorb more oxygen.

Thus, while Sloan Kettering's disclaimer was accurate on its face, the reality is that when the blood becomes oxygenated (what happens on a short term basis when oxygen levels of 35% to 98% are administered to patients by EMTs or hospital personal to stroke, heart attack or trauma victims), you have increased oxygen levels in your lungs. When that happens, your blood has the ability to absorb more oxygen and the oxygen-enriched blood fights disease and infections. Science learned long ago that pure oxygen kills almost all diseases. Their only problem was how to introduce that disease-fighting oxygen to the disease you need to kill. According to tens of thousands of pilgrims carrying their jerrycans to Jesus Chahin's well in Tlacote, Mexico, someone found the answer. If they are right, and there are curative powers in the water they hauled from the well by the buckets full, then the only question that begs an answer is: did Sloan Kettering add the oxygenated water disclaimer to their website because the American Cancer Society urges cancer patients not to seek treatment with hydrogen peroxide, ozone therapy, or other hyperoxygenated therapies and to rely on chemotherapy and radiation?

In the case of Sloan Kettering, they monitored the treatment of at least one terminal cancer patient who decided to try oxygenated water as a "last resort." The terminal patient, whom Sloan Kettering initially wrote off as waiting to die, has now been cancer free for over ten years. Was it that patient who triggered Sloan Kettering's interest in investigating what is now known as Oxymedicine? And, was it that patient that triggered the need to put the Oxymedicine disclaimer on their clinical summary page? These are questions. The answers lie somewhere down the path of life as more and more people explore the question: is oxygen a miracle drug? Is it the cure for cancer?



Just Say No
Copyright 2009 Jon Christian Ryter.
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